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dac19174_2018488044Audio-GD - R2R2 - Discrete Single Ended R2R Ladder FPGA DAC - PCM / DxD / DSDr2r27r2r25r2r24Audio-GD - R2R2 - Discrete Single Ended R2R Ladder FPGA DAC - PCM / DxD / DSD

Audio-GD - R2R2 - Discrete Single Ended R2R Ladder FPGA DAC - PCM / DxD / DSD

€ 819
€ 677 excl VAT
Additional RCA output (Replacing ACSS)
Power cable (Default C13 EURO)
Item not sold anymore
  • Description
  • Specifications

Audio-GD - R2R2 - Discrete Single Ended R2R Ladder FPGA DAC - PCM / DxD / DSD

Single-ended digital analogue converter, equipped with multi discrete R-2R ladder per channel. All parts and components are selected based on excellent sonic and technical measurement performance. Components are e.g. from DALE resistors (USA), WIMA capacitors (Germany) and NOVER parts (UK). The used components but also the technical design (e.g. discrete analogue section and high speed FPGA's) of this system were being selected after many years of experience and practices and are considered to perform and provide supreme sonic results. Supporting today’s high resolutions including DSD and DxD and up to date interfaces like USB and LVDS I2S.


Standard / Customizations
Accusilicon AS318B Femto clocks upgrade Included
USB Amanero Crystek Femtosecond clocks Included
USB Isolator (Data) Included
USB Internal 5V Galvanic Isolated (R8, R7, R2) Induded
DA7v2 R-2R LADDER DAC Boards Included
Singxer F1 upgrade with Isolated internal 5V USB PSU Optional
Other inputs (e.g. BNC replace for RCA) Optional
Menu control settings
  Oversampling Passband Filter
Mode 0 1x Oversampling -130dB digital
Mode 2 2x Oversampling -130dB digital
Mode 4 4x Oversampling -130dB digital
Mode 8 8x Oversampling -130dB digital
Non Oversampling (NOS)
Mode 1 Simplest data processing 6dB Analogue
Mode 2 FIFO Data processing 6dB Analogue
Mode 3 Faster data processing 6dB Analogue
Free firmware’s available: Smooth / Accurate / TDA1541* / TDA1541 Asynch*
*Supports -50dB passband via PLL setting & only 1 NOS mode

  • Dual R-2R discrete dac ladder per channel
  • Integrated 2 pairs of DA-8 R-2R modules
  • 2x ultra low-jitter TCXO clocks are included
  • Amanero Combo384 USB interface

  • USB Amanero Combo384 interface
  • Programmable hardware design
  • Single ended output design
  • High speed FPGA's to control R-2R network
  • Lowest tolerance Vishay resistors applied in R-2R network
  • Discrete analogue output & power supply
  • Fully DC coupled design without capacitors in signal path
  • Non- feedback ACSS analog output control
  • Total of 5 regulated low noise class A power circuits

  • 1. RCA coaxial SPDIF
  • 2. USB 32-bit / 384kHz
  • 3. Optical toslink SPDIF

* Compatible with Mano Streamer (high res) and Pink Faun I2S stereo bridge

  • ACSS single ended (Optional RCA)
  • RCA single ended 


The R-2R DAC has become popular and affordable. From DIY kits and completely up to of the shelf high-end products.
In the lower end DIY market, the R-2R design is often based on old technology; designed long time ago by MSB, often includes basic R2R ladder design only and not include the wonderful correction design of the modern MSB technology. Previous less good designs used data shift registers logic chips in serial mode to convert the data to an analog signal. The stubborn R2R issues cannot be avoided this way and performance is almost entirely depending on the accuracy of the ladder resistors. 

In the High-End of the shelf (finished products) market, the R2R design is usually much more complex when outstanding performance is offered. A basic R2R ladder is simply not sufficient to achieve the desired sound quality. Some manufacturers are using shift registers design to realize ladder compensation. A less complex, unfortunately also a less performing design based on traditional logic chips working in serial mode.
A far better design switches resistors in parallel mode; an ultra-fast FPGA chip controls and corrects the R2R ladder. The parallel design mode controls every bit respectively and therefore achieve unprecedented performance. (In parallel mode only 1 clock cycle is needed to output all data; serial design mode needs at minimum 8 up to 24 clock cycles) The parallel design is particularly complex, however when it is done properly it can correct every bit of the ladder. (Photo below shows a FPGA design with R2R ladder). With incredible speed and accuracy the R2R 7 will correct the unavoidable imperfections of the basic R2R ladder caused by tolerance of resistors; avoid glitches at ultra-high speed to deliver unrivaled musical performance.


Some manufactures claim to achieve good performance becuase they use lowest tolerance ladder resistors. The following calculation example will cover this. At 16 bit the tolerance of 1/66536, 0.1% (1/1000) it is by far not enough to achieve decent performance. Even using resistors with 0.01% (1/10000) tolerance, lowest tolerance available today,cannot deliver the desired performance This is just 16 bit, imagine a 24 calculation! To process 24 bit resolution it would require resistors with a tolerance of 0.00001%. This is purely theoretical; if this tolerance would exist the discreteness of the switch logic chips will already have too much internal impedance and will shake-up such design.The tolerance of the resistor will never solve Imperfections of a ladder.

The solution lies in the correction the ladder and not only depend on the tolerance of resistors. It’s a combination of both: Ultra-low tolerance resistors controlled by a correction technology using very high speed with parallel FPGA processing.


Download USB Amanero drivers for Windows 10
Download USB Amanero drivers for Windows 7 & 8

No drivers required for Linux and/or Mac OS
OSX 10.6+ and Linux with UAC2 compliant kernel
Microsoft Windows: KS/Wasapi/WDM/ASIO


Brand URL :
Weight: 5.5 kg
Width: 240 mm
Length: 320 mm
Height: 80 mm


R-2R Discrete Ladder(s)
2.5V (RCA) 2MA (ACSS)
0.5 Vp-p
19 dBm
USB / I2S 44.1kHz - 384kHz /32Bit | Coaxial: 44.1kHz - 192kHz /24Bit Optical: 44.1kHz - 192kHz /24Bit
1.0, 1.1, 2.0 & 3.0
Windows, iOS, Linux
W240 X L320 X H80 (Aluminium)
USB Cable
IEC Power Cord
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